Population

World Population Day

World Population day is an annual event, observed on July 11 every year, which seeks to raise awareness of global population issues. This year, the theme for the World Population Day is ‘Family Planning is a Human Right’. According to UN, China with 1.4 billion & India with 1.3 billion people are the 2 most populous countries, contributing to 19% & 18 % of the global population respectively.

India is home to 19,500 mother tongues

According to Registrar General and Census Commissioner, more than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India as mother tongues. Nearly 96.71% population in the country have one of the 22 scheduled languages as their mother tongue. There has been a significant increase in Bengali speaking people and a decrease in Bhili language speaker.

19,500+ mother tongues spoken in India

According to the latest analysis of 2011 census, more than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India as mother tongues. There are 121 languages which are spoken by 10,000 or more people in India, which has a population of 121 crore. 96.71% population in the country have one of the 22 scheduled languages as their mother tongue.

Climate change may cost India 2.8% of GDP

According to a World Bank report, changing monsoon patterns & rising temperatures driven by climate change could cost India 2.8% of GDP. Climate change could depress the living standards of nearly half of India’s population by 2050, which now lives in vulnerable areas. The worst hit would be people in 10 districts in Central India, which have been identified as severe hotspots by the report.

Mumbai costlier than Washington and Melbourne

According to a Mercer survey, Mumbai is the most expensive city in India to live in for expatriates as compared to Washington and Melbourne. Hong Kong is ranked as the world’s costliest city to live in for expatriates, followed by Tokyo, Zurich, Singapore, and Seoul. Bengaluru, which has a high population of expatriates is getting more reasonable on cost of living.

India’s first ‘Tribal Queen’ : Pallavi Darua

Pallavi Durua, who belongs to Odisha’s Koraput district, was crowned as the first Tribal Queen at the Adi Rani Kalinga Tribal Queen competition held at Utkal Mandap. The contest was organised by SC & ST department, Govt of Odisha and the State Tourism Department. Tribal population constitutes nearly 22.5% of the Odisha’s population.

KKA being implemented in 25 villages

The Ministry of Agriculture and farmers’ welfare has launched the Krishi Kalyan Abhiyaan (KKA) from 1st June 2018 till 31st July 2018. The Abhiyan will aid, assist and advice farmers on how to improve their farming techniques and raise their incomes. The Krishi Kalyan Abhiyaan will be undertaken in 25 Villages with more than 1000 population each in Aspirational Districts.

India saw 211 tuberculosis cases per 1 Lakh

19 : According to the ‘World Health Statistics 2018’ released by World Health Organisation (WHO), India saw an estimated 211 cases of tuberculosis (TB) per 1,00,000 people in 2016, Nepal and Bhutan recorded fewer number of TB cases per 1,00,000 population than India. India has pledged to eradicate tuberculosis by 2025, five years ahead of the global target set by WHO.

World Hypertension Day observed

World Hypertension Day was observed all over the world yesterday on May 17th, 2018. The objective of observing this day is increasing high blood pressure awareness in all populations around the world. The World Hypertension Day was first inaugurated in the year 2005 and has become an annual event ever since. The theme for this year is ‘Know Your Numbers’.

Delhi to become the most populous city

According to new United Nations estimates, Delhi is projected to become the most populous city in the world around 2028. Tokyo is the world’s largest city with an agglomeration of 37 million inhabitants, followed by New Delhi with 29 million, Shanghai with 26 million. The projected population size of New Delhi in 2028 is about 37.2 million, surpassing Tokyo’s 36.8 million.