World’s first mission to study the Sun

NASA will launch mankind’s first mission to the Sun – a car-sized probe that will swoop to within 4 million miles of the solar surface. The ‘Parker Solar Probe’ will study the Sun closer than any human-made object ever has. The Parker Solar Probe carries a lineup of instruments to study the Sun. Parker Solar Probe will explore the corona, a region of the Sun only seen from Earth.

NASA Juno spots volcano on Jupiter moon Io

Scientists have discovered a volcano close to the south pole of Jupiter’s moon Io, using data collected by NASA’s Juno spacecraft. The infrared data were collected in December 2018, when Juno was about 470,000 kilometres away from the moon, using its Jovian InfraRed Auroral Mapper (JIRAM) instrument. Juno was launched on August 5, 2011, from the US.

NASA puts Kepler space telescope to sleep

The Kepler Space Telescope, which is a famous planet-hunting telescope of NASA has been put to sleep since it is almost out of fuel. The telescope was launched by NASA in 2009 to learn more about the frequency and number of planets in our galaxy. Scientists have found many exoplanets with the help of this telescope, which is 94 million miles away from the Earth.

NASA prepared to ‘touch the sun’

NASA is prepared for a launch on August 4 to touch the sun, for the first time in human history. NASA unveiled a cutting-edge heat shield that will protect the spacecraft from getting burnt. It was installed on June 27, 2018. The shield will prevent the spacecraft core from being exposed to temperatures around 1,370 degrees Celsius.

NASA set to test supersonic flights

NASA is set to test a flight manoeuvre that will allow jets to travel at a speed faster than sound without generating the sonic boom. NASA showed that a repurposed fighter jet F/A-18 can be used to generate quiet sonic thumps over a particular area. The Gulf Coast city was chosen since it is near the Gulf of Mexico and enables the F/A-18 to keep its loud sonic beams out to the sea.

NASA to use submarines for hunting meteorite

Scientists from several organisations in the US, including NASA, are planning to use remote-operated submarines to hunt for the remains of an outer space object. The Nautilus research ship of the non-profit group Ocean Exploration Trust (OET) will aid in the scavenger hunt, Digitaltrends. The object splashed down into the Pacific Ocean on March 7.

NASA’s Webb Telescope to study Great Red Spot

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope will use infrared capabilities to study Jupiter’s Great Red Spot. The plan is to use Webb’s mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) to create multispectral maps of the Great Red Spot and analyse its thermal, chemical and cloud structures. The Great Red Spot is a storm has been monitored since 1830 and has existed for more than 350 years.

Curiousity Rover takes photo of Storm in Mars

NASA’s Curiosity rover has sent pictures of a dust storm in Mars over the last 2 weeks while NASA’s Opportunity rover to suspend operations. The Curiosity rover is powered by Nuclear energy and Opportunity is powered by sunlight are studying Martian soil at Gale Crater. The atmospheric haze blocking sunlight is called “Tau” . The 2 rovers are a part of NASA Science Lab Mission.

Peggy Whitson retires as astronaut

NASA’s record-breaking astronaut, Peggy Whitson, retired after returning from her last and longest spaceflight. Whitson was the first woman to command the International Space Station, holding the position twice, and the oldest woman ever to fly in space. She was also the only woman to have served as chief of NASA’s male-dominated astronaut corps.

Methane dunes found on Pluto

Pluto is covered with surprising dunes made of methane ice, which have formed relatively recently despite the frigid dwarf planet’s very thin atmosphere, international researchers have said. Pluto’s atmosphere has a surface pressure 100,000 times lower than Earth. The dunes were spotted with NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft.

Rare, isolated neutron star discovered

NASA scientists have discovered a special kind of neutron star for the first time outside of the Milky Way galaxy. Neutron stars are the ultra dense cores of massive stars that collapse and undergo a supernova explosion. The newly identified neutron star was discovered using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope in Chile.

NASA’s hunting probe completed lunar flyby

NASA’s latest planet-hunting satellite has successfully completed a lunar flyby, passing about 8,000 kilometers from the Moon. It beamed back a test image revealing more than 200 thousand stars. The flyby provided a gravity assist that helped the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) sail toward its final working orbit. TESS is NASA’s search for planets outside our solar system.

Freshwater decline in India

India is among the hotspots where overuse of water resources has caused a decline in the availability of freshwater, according to study using an array of NASA satellite observations of Earth. The study found that Earth’s wetland areas are getting wetter and dry areas are getting drier.In northern India, groundwater extraction for irrigation of crops has caused a decline in available water.

Trump axes funding for NASA system

The Trump administration has eliminated funding for NASA’s research program that tracks greenhouse gases around the world.The Carbon Monitoring System (CMS), a $10m (£7m)-a-year project tracks the world’s flow of carbon dioxide from space.The US’s environmental policy has shifted under Trump administration, which wants to bolster the US’s fossil fuel industry.

NASA to fly a helicopter on Mars

12 : NASA will send a small helicopter to Mars, in the first test of a heavier-than-air aircraft on another planet. The Mars helicopter will be bundled with the US space agency’s Mars rover when it launches in 2020. The helicopter is specifically designed to fly in the atmosphere of Mars, which is 100 times thinner than Earth’s.

Nasa, Uber team up to get flying taxis

NASA and Uber have signed an agreement to explore putting flying taxis in the skies over US cities. NASA will begin simulations for so-called “urban air mobility” vehicles that also include delivery drones. NASA said the goal is to create a rideshare network that will allow residents to hail a small aircraft the same way Uber users can now use an app to call a car.

Mars probe taking mini satellites

A pair of briefcase-sized spacecraft known as CubeSats are making their way into deep space for the first time, sharing a ride with NASA’s InSight Mars lander. Mars Cube One (MarCO) is a pair spacecraft that launched along with NASA’s InSight Mars lander on May 5. CubeSats are generally under 15 kilogrammes, and can weigh as little as about 2.5 kilogrammes.

NASA blasts off Mars-bound spacecraft, InSight

NASA has blasted off its latest Mars lander, InSight, designed to study the deep interior of Mars. It aims to expand human knowledge of interior conditions on Mars, inform efforts to send human explorers there & reveal how rocky planets like Earth formed billions of years ago. InSight aims to be the first NASA spacecraft to land on Mars since the Curiosity rover in 2012.

A new nuclear reactor for space

NASA has developed a new kind of reactor to be used for space exploration missions. NASA’s Kilopower project works to build the kind of technology that could be used for an affordable fission nuclear power system so astronauts can have longer trips to planets. Kilopower is a small, lightweight fission power system that can deliver 10 kilowatts of electrical power.

NASA to track Earth’s ice and water

NASA is gearing up for the upcoming launch of its Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On (GRACE-FO) mission. The mission will map changes in water and ice around the world by detecting variations in Earth’s gravity & it involves 2 identical spacecraft that will orbit the Earth. The mission is a joint project between NASA and the GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences, Germany.

NASA mission to study heart of Mars

NASA is set to launch Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) on May 5. InSight will be the first mission to peer deep beneath the Martian surface, studying the planet’s interior by measuring its heat output and listening for marsquakes. It will use the seismic waves generated by mars quakes to develop a map of the planet’s deep interior.

Jim Bridenstine to be the new NASA chief

US Senate has confirmed President Donald Trump-nominated Representative Jim Bridenstine to serve as NASA’s 13th administrator.His confirmation following a vote in the Senate ends the longest span of time that NASA has operated without a permanent leader. Bridenstine, a pilot in US Navy Reserve currently serves on the House Armed Services Committee & Science, Space & Technology Committee.

SpaceX launched NASA’s planet-hunting TESS

19 : NASA has blasted off its newest planet-hunting spacecraft ‘TESS’ that aims to scan 85% of the skies for cosmic bodies where life may exist.TESS is expected to reveal 20,000 planets beyond our solar system, including more than 50 Earth-sized planets & up to 500 planets less than twice the size of Earth. Tess will survey more cosmic terrain than its predecessor, Nasa’s Kepler Space Telescope.

Asteroid 2018 GE3 makes surprise fly-by Earth

A giant asteroid gave Earth a surprise close shave this week, flying by at a distance of 1,92,000 kilometres, just a day after astronomers discovered the object.Designated 2018 GE3, made its closest approach to Earth at around 0641 GMT on April 15. NASA estimated that the asteroid measures 48 to 110 meters wide.

NASA to study affect of phytoplankton

NASA is conducting a study of the world’s largest phytoplankton bloom in the North Atlantic to see how the tiny sea creatures influence the climate in every season.The name of the mission is The North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study (NAAMES). NAAMES will study how phytoplanktons give rise to small organic particles that leave the ocean and end up in the atmosphere.

First flight to Sun to launch in July

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe — humanity’s first mission to the Sun — is undergoing final preparations.The mission is scheduled for launch on July 31, 2018. Parker Solar will orbit directly through the solar atmosphere – the corona – closer to the surface than any human-made object has ever gone.

NASA set to build quiet supersonic planes

NASA is set to develop an ‘X-plane’ designed to fly faster than the speed of sound without producing the noise typical of supersonic flights.The X-plane’s mission is to provide crucial data that could enable commercial supersonic passenger air travel over land. The X-plane makes a quiet sonic boom due to its unique shape and design.

Icarus, the farthest star ever seen

Scientists have detected the most distant star, Icarus, ever viewed, located more than halfway across the universe.The star was formally named MACS J1149+2223 Lensed Star-1. Scientists used NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope to spot the star. The star is 9.3 billion lights years away from Earth and it is about twice as hot as our sun.

NASA test launches Mars landing parachute

A supersonic parachute that will help NASA missions to land on Mars, was successfully launched into the sky.The Advanced Supersonic Parachute Inflation Research Experiment (ASPIRE) was launched on March 31 from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in the US. The test was meant to mimic the conditions that a spacecraft would experience during a red planet entry, descent and landing.

NASA’s mission to study ‘heart’ of Mars

NASA is all set to send the first-ever mission dedicated to explore the deep interior of Mars. A stationary lander known as ?InSight? will place a seismometer, a device that measures quakes, on the soil of Mars. It will be launched on 5th May. InSight or the Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport mission, carries sensitive instruments to gather data.

NASA to launch planet hunting probe in April

NASA‘s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) which aims to find alien worlds with capacity to harbour life is scheduled to launch on April 16 aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. The spacecraft will be looking for a phenomenon known as a transit, where a planet passes in front of its star. TESS will discover a number of planets whose atmospheric compositions.

Biggest space telescope launch delayed

NASA has delayed the launch of its much awaited, $8 billion James Webb Space Telescope— set to be the world‘s biggest space observatory — until at least May 2020. The James Webb Space Telescope will be complementing the scientific discoveries of NASA‘s Hubble Space Telescope and other science missions. The observatory will solve mysteries of our solar system, according to NASA.

NASA to focus on Earth?s frozen regions

NASA will launch two new satellite missions to know more about the Earth‘s ice sheets, glaciers, sea ice, snow and permafrost. NASA and the German Research Centre for Geosciences are scheduled to launch the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On (GRACE-FO) mission in this spring. And in autumn, NASA is scheduled to launch the Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2).

NASA to search for interstellar water

NASA‘s James Webb Space Telescope will get into interstellar reservoirs to know about the origin and evolution of water and key building blocks for habitable planets. This will help the scientists to know the conditions required for formation of the new habitable planets. Molecular clouds hold most of the water in the universe and serve as nurseries for newborn stars and their planets.

NASA probe set to explore ‘relic galaxy’

NASA‘s Hubble Space Telescope will uncover a rare ancient ?relic galaxy? hidden in the cosmic backyard that has remained unchanged for the past 10 billion years. The relic galaxy has twice as many stars as our Milky Way, but physically it is as small as one quarter the size of our galaxy. The wayward stellar island may provide valuable insights into the origin and evolution of galaxies.

January 2018 was the fifth warmest January

January 2018 was the fifth warmest January in 138 years of modern record-keeping, according to a monthly analysis of global temperatures by NASA.The only months of January warmer than that occurred in 2016 (+1.16°C), 2017 (+0.97°C), 2007 (+0.95°C), and in 2015 (+0.81°C).Last month was 0.78°C warmer than the average January of the 1951-1980 period, said NASA.

Kepler discovers nearly 100 new exoplanets

17 : Team of scientists have confirmed the discovery of nearly 100 new exoplanets – planets located outside our solar system.Discovery was based on data from the 2nd mission of NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope released in 2014. The detected planets range from sub-Earth-sized to the size of Jupiter & larger. Newly discovered exoplanets brings the total no of exoplanets by K2 mission to almost 300.

NASA to send meteorite from Mars back to Mars

NASA is sending a Martian meteorite, discovered in 1999, back to the Red Planet aboard its Mars 2020 rover.The rock will be used as target practice for a high-precision laser called ‘ SHERLOC’ on the rover. After calibration, the rover will take pictures of Martian rocks and analyse them to look for chemicals that make the ingredients of life.

Asteroid shaves past Earth

Asteroid 2018 CB, estimated to be around 15-40 metres in size, safely flew past Earth making a closest approach of about 64,000 kilometres, nearly one-fifth the average Earth-Moon distance, on Saturday at 4:00 am IST, NASA revealed.“Asteroids of this size do not often approach this close to our planet — maybe only once or twice a year,” said NASA.

NASA probe beams farthest image

NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft has beamed back an image while being 6.12 billion km away, breaking a 27-year-old record set by Voyager 1.NASA’s Voyager 1, the farthest man-made object, had captured the “Pale Blue Dot” photo of Earth before exiting the Solar System.Meanwhile, New Horizons shared an image of a Kuiper belt object, beyond the orbit of Neptune.

NASA unveils 60th anniversary logo

NASA has released its logo for use in observing the 60th anniversary of its establishment.It has said that the logo represents its quest for knowledge. A crescent moon, a ringed planet and a field of stars amid a nebula of light blue represent the agency’s scientific underpinnings.

John Young, Astronaut dies at 87

7 : John Young, a legendary US astronaut who went into space six times, orbited the moon and then walked on its craggy surface, has died, NASA has announced.Young was a man of many firsts: the only astronaut to fly in the Gemini Apollo and space shuttle programmes. While in the navy, Young set world records for the fastest ascension from a standing start in an F-4 Phantom II jet.

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe is scheduled for launch in 2018 to explore the Sun’s outer atmosphere.The probe will use Venus’ gravity during 7 flybys over nearly 7 years to gradually bring its orbit closer to the Sun.The primary goal of the mission is to trace how energy and heat move through the solar corona and to explore what accelerates the solar wind as well as solar energetic particles.

NASA’s to explore Saturn’s moon

NASA’s flying observatory is preparing it’s 2018 observing campaign, which will include observations of celestial magnetic fields, comets and Saturn’s giant moon Titan.It is a joint project of NASA and the German Aerospace Center, DLR.These investi-gations will help them understand how magnetic fields affect the rate at which interstellar clouds condense to form new stars.

NASA’s “Girl of the Year” doll

NASA, is collaborating with American Girl, a doll and book company, to inspire children to dream big and reach for the stars.The focus of the collaboration is the “Girl of the Year” doll for 2018, an 11-year-old aspiring astronaut named Luciana who wants to be the first person to put boots on Mars.NASA want to encourage girls and boys to pursue their dreams.

Astronauts to install new camera system

Two NASA astronauts have successfully completed a spacewalk to install a new camera system outside the International Space Station. This has replaced a blown fuse and installed a new high definition camera on the starboard truss of the station. This was the fifth spacewalk of Bresnik’s career – 32 hours total spacewalking – and the third for Acaba – 9 hours and 46 minutes total spacewalking.

5 Students Selected For NASA Challenge

Five students from Warangal, Telangana have been selected to take part in the 5th annual NASA Human Exploration Rover Challenge. The challenge has been scheduled to be held in April 2018 in the US. For selection in the final challenge, these students had to submit a moon buggy design report that make their buggy work on the surface of the moon, ensuring the safety of its passengers.

Odyssey captured image of moon Phobos

NASA’s odyssey orbiter, the longest-lived mission to Mars has taken the first image at Phobos. It also produced a colour-coded image revealing surface temperatures of the Martian moon considered to be a potential future human-mission outpost. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) camera on NASA’s Mars Odyssey orbiter observed Phobos on 29 September.mar

NASA orbiter discovers Martian ‘spiders’

NASA’s researchers have detected cumulative growth of erosion-carved troughs that may be infant versions of larger features known as Martian “spiders. The spiders range in size from tens to hundreds of yards (or meters). Multiple channels typically converge at a central pit, resembling the legs and body of a spider. One Martian year lasts about 1.9 Earth years.

NASA shows Solar transit of ISS;

In the latest image of the day released by the US space agency NASA has shown solar transit made by the International Space Station. International Space Station is the largest artificial satellite in space orbiting Earth. The habitable satellite is visible through naked eyes from Earth. The stunning image is a delight to watch for skygazers as it shows ISS crossing the solar surface.

Oldest Woman in Space Blasts off to ISS

Record holder astronaut Peggy Whitson has blasted off into space for her third mission to the International Space Station, ISS. The veteran NASA astronaut is the first woman to have commanded the ISS. She already holds the record for the longest time spent in space by a woman. This time, turning 57 while on mission, she is the oldest woman in space.

Juno Spacecraft

NASA’s Juno spacecraft sends the first-ever image of the gas giant Jupiter and three of its for moons to the Earth as it continues orbiting the planet.


Science has always helped man to unravel every mystery of natue and physical laws governing the universe. With a view to knowing more and more about the truth behind hitherto unknown aspects of the universe, innumerable teams of scientists at premier scientific institution around the world have been working day in, day out. It is their ceaseless efforts and passion for knowledge which have resulted in all the advances that the world has made. The most recent achievement of the scientists is the successful entry of NASA’s solar-powered Juno spacecraft on July 5, 2016 after a five-year journey from the Earth into the orbit around Jupiter without being knocked down by the planet’s intense magnetic field and radiation. The scintillating success of the mission can be gauged from the fact that the $1.1 billion spacecraft travelled 2.8 billion kilometres since its launch on August 5, 2011, and passed through a spot originally planned for when it came closest to the planet. Juno, which has a diameter of 11.5 feet, will study Jupiter thoroughly with an array of nine scientific instruments that it carries on board. The first full set of observations are expected when it comes close to Jupiter on its first orbit. Science experiments will begin in full earnest in mid-October 2016 when it enters a 14-day orbit. Juno will orbit the planet from pole to pole, minimising the radiation exposure.
The giant planet Jupiter is said to have formed some 4.5 billion years ago. Juno will also throw light on the origins of Solar System. Juno is supposed to incinerate sometime in 2018 in Jupiter’s atmosphere after orbiting the planet 37 times and returning valuable scientific information.

NASA approval to extend New Horizons

NASA gives approval to extend New Horizons mission to investigate a mysterious object known as 2014-MU69 located deep in the Kuiper Belt.

NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope and its extended K2 mission

NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope and its extended K2 mission allowed astronomers to discover the youngest fully formed exoplanet, K2-33b. The finding is published online in journal Nature.

NASA unveils X-57 Hybrid Electric Research Plane

NASA unveils X-57 Hybrid Electric Research Plane nicknamed as Maxwell, fixed with 14 electric motors turning propellers. NASA will use this plane to test new propulsion technology.

BDU’s scholar takes part in NASA’s conference on climate change

Marking the name of the univeristy in the pages of history at a time when the world is debating Climate Change a scholar from Bharathidasan University presented his thesis at an International conference conducted with NASA’s funding in the United States of America, in May 2016. At the summit, ‘Connecting Paleo and Modern Oceanographic Data to Understand AMOC Decadal to Centuries’ held at the National Climate and Atmospheric Research Center (NCAR). In Boulder, Colorado, USA from May 23 to 25, 2016. A Sivachandiran, a research scholar from the Department of Marine Sciences of BDU, was among the 45 participants. He was the only Indian.

UGC 4879

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope uncovers a mysterious solitary dwarf galaxy known as UGC 4879. It is smaller and messier than its cosmic cousins.

New planet named Kepler 1647b

Scientists using NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope discover a Jupiter-like circumbinary planet named Kepler 1647b orbiting a system of two stars.

NASA camera aboard the Deep Space Climate Observatory

For the second time in a year, a NASA camera aboard the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) satellite captures a stunning view of the moon as it moved in front of the sunlit side of Earth.

NASA and Bigelow Aerospace successfully

NASA and Bigelow Aerospace successfully deploy Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) on International Space Station, the first experimental inflatable room attached to the space station.

NASA successfully launches a superpressure balloon

NASA successfully launches a superpressure balloon to conduct near space scientific investigations, from South Island Wanaka Airport, New Zealand in the fifth attempt.

NASA’s Kepler space craft

NASA’s Kepler spacecraft goes into emergency mode (EM) some 75million miles from the Earth, during a scheduled contact for undertaking microlensing observing campaign.

NASA astronomers discover super-massive Black Hole

NASA astronomers discover a super-massive Black Hole, weighing about 17 billion times the mass of Sun, in the centre of a galaxy in a sparsely populated area of the universe.

NASA new Telescope with a view 100 times biggest

NASA stars work on a new telescope with a view 100 times bigger than that of Hubble Space Telescope that may help unravel the mysteries of dark matter and advance the search for alien life.

Super-Earth exoplanet dubbed

Astrophysicists at NASA find a super-Earth exoplaner dubbed as 55 Cancrice with an atmosphere for the first time, using Hubble telescope’s Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3).

NASA announces 2015 was by far the hottest year

NASA announces that 2015 was by far the hottest year since modern record keeping began in 1880. Scientists blame a combination of El Nino and increasing man-made global warming.

NASA launches SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket

NASA launches SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from California’s Vandenberg Air Force Base. The rocket carries the ocean-monitoring satellite Jason-3 on board and successfully inserts it in the desired orbit.

NASA’s Juno spacecraft makes a new record

NASA’s Juno spacecraft makes a new record for the farthest distance travelled by a solar-powered vehicle by reaching Jupiter a mind-boggling 793 million kilometres from the Sun.

Current Events August 2015

• Puducherry Science Centre, Planetarium renamed as Abdul Kalam On 68th Independence Day, CM N. Rangasamy.
• NASA’s engine for next-generation rocket RS-25 engine successfully tested at Stennis Space Center in Mississippi.
• ISRO successfully launched India’s communication satellite GSAT-6 first 2,000-kg-plus satellite using the Geo-synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) D6 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.

Current Events July 2015

• Sunita Williams is among four “veteran” astronauts picked by NASA to fly the first commercial space vehicles on Mars by 2030.
• NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft is approaching near to Pluto and as it zoomz past Pluto new things are coming up.
• NASA’s Kepler space telescope spotted the most Earth-like alien planet yet discovered — a world called Kepler-452b.
• China launched 2 new satellites(M1-S and M2-S) into space as it builds a domestic satellite navigation system named “Beidou, or Compass” rivalling US’s Global Positioning System.
• Scientists from Kerala discovered two new plant species from the forest regions of Western Ghats: Anisochilus shoola-mudianus and Eriocaulon manoharanii.
• Researchers at the Biodiversity Research Centre of Christ College claimed to have spotted six new species of spiders at Harithavanam(Kuttivanam) located near the banks of the Aluva Sivarathri manappuram in Kerala.

NASA launches Earth-observing satellite

It is on a mission to track the amount of water locked in soil, which may help residents in low-lying regions brace for floods or farmers get ready for drought conditions. A Delta 2 rocket carrying Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite was launched early Saturday from Vandenberg Air Force Base on California’s central coast.

Ancient star with five Earth size planets discovered

After analysing over four years of data from NASA’s Kepler spacecraft, a team of astronomers has discovered a star that is 11.2 billion years old and has at least five Earth-size planets. The findings show that Earth-size planets have formed throughout most of the universe’s 13.8-billion-year history, leaving open the possibility for the existence of ancient life in the galaxy.
Key findings
•This star is named as Kepler-444. It is 25 percent smaller than our Sun and is 117 light years from Earth.
•It belongs to the first generation of stars and considered as part of one of the oldest systems in the galaxy.
•This star has five known planets which have sizes that fall between Mercury and Venus.
•These 5 planets are so close to their star that they complete their orbits in fewer than 10 days.
•This discovery is going to help astronomers learn more about the history of our solar system- Milky Way.

NASA’s SMAP instrument to measure Earth’s soil

The U.S. space agency NASA’s Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) instrument is ready to measure the amount of moisture in Earth’s soils with an unparalleled precision and resolution. The instrument comprises of three main parts namely radar, a radiometer as well as the biggest rotating mesh antenna ever used in space.

NASA’s Kepler spacecraft

NASA’s Kepler spacecraft, on a new mission, makes its first discovery of an exoplanet-a super-Earth 180 light years from Earth, towards the constellation Pisces.

NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover finds methane

In its quest to find evidence of extra-terrestrial life, NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover finds methane, the gas that on Earth is strongly tied to life, in Martian atmosphere. The rover also finds organic chemicals in the red planet’s soil. The rover, which has travelled around 5 miles since landing on Mars, has been exploring an area known as Mount Sharp.

Shape – changing aircraft

According to news reports, NASA the US Space Agency, has successfully flight-tested a revolutionary shape-changing aircraft flap for the first time. The flaps have the potential to be retrofitted to existing aeroplane wings.

NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility

An unmanned cargo rocket carrying supplies to the International Space Station explodes seconds after lift-off from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in eastern Virginia.

NASA Mars rover Curiosity

NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity makes history by drilling into its first Martian rock. The rover uses a drill, located at the end of its robotic arm, to bore into a flat rock on Mars and collect samples from its interior. NASA confirms it as the biggest milestone since the rover landed on the red planet.

NASA scientists test a space suit

NASA scientists test a space suit in a setting with extreme conditions akin to those found on Mars – a base in Antarctica – for possible use on a visit to the Red Planet, During the test, the suit – called NDX-1 – successfully endures extreme temperatures and winds.

NASA’s Messenger spacecraft

NASA’s Messenger spacecraft veers into a pinpoint orbit around Mercury. Following this, the Earth now has a regular eye-in-the-sky spying on the solar system’s smallest and strongest planet.

NASA unveils three concept designs

In what way become the face of modern aviation, NASA unveils three concept designs for more powerful, quiet, energy-efficient aircraft which the agency says could be ready for flight as early as 2025.