World No Tobacco Day observed on 31 May

World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is observed around the world every year on 31 May. It is intended to encourage a 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe. The World Health Organisation(WHO) has designated 31st May of each year as the World No Tobacco Day. The theme for 2018 is “Tobacco and heart disease”.

WHO Adopts Digital Health Resolution

The resolution on digital health brought out by India was adopted by the 71st World Health Assembly, the decision-making body of the World Health Organization (WHO). The 71st World Health Assembly was held in Geneva and was attended by delegations from all WHO member states. The resolution paves the path for WHO to establish a global strategy on digital health.

Global health monitoring mechanism launched

The World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank Group has launched a new mechanism that intends to strengthen global health security. The Global Preparedness Monitoring Board was created on the margins of the 71st Session of the World Health Assembly on 24th May. The Board’s Secretariat will be housed at WHO headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

71st World Health Assembly held in Geneva

The 71st Session of the WHO’s World Health Assembly will be held in Geneva, Switzerland from 21 to 26 May 2018. The WHA will be attended by delegations from all WHO Member States, the Indian Delegation will be led by Union Health Minister of India, J P Nadda. The theme chosen for World Health Assembly 2018 is “Health for All: Commit To Universal Health Coverage.”

Facts about the Nipah virus

According to WHO, the Nipah virus infection is a newly emerging zoonosis, that is, a disease transmitted from animals to humans. The virus belongs to a new genus termed Henipavirus (subfamily Paramyxovirinae). The symptoms of Nipah are similar to that of influenza: fever, muscle pain, and respiratory problems. The Nipah virus has so far lead to 3 deaths in Kerala.

India saw 211 tuberculosis cases per 1 Lakh

19 : According to the ‘World Health Statistics 2018’ released by World Health Organisation (WHO), India saw an estimated 211 cases of tuberculosis (TB) per 1,00,000 people in 2016, Nepal and Bhutan recorded fewer number of TB cases per 1,00,000 population than India. India has pledged to eradicate tuberculosis by 2025, five years ahead of the global target set by WHO.

WHO launched ‘REPLACE’

WHO has launched a comprehensive plan to “REPLACE” to eliminate industrially-produced artificial trans fats from global food supply by 2023. REPLACE stands for review dietary sources, promote the use of healthier fats, legislate, assess changes, create awareness and enforce. REPLACE package is the first time WHO is calling for the elimination of something other than a noncommunicable disease

Cholera vaccination campaign began in Yemen

The 1st vaccine campaign against cholera in Yemen has started, a year & a half after an epidemic was triggered by war &a health and sanitation crisis. According to WHO, there have been more than 1 million cases of cholera in Yemen & 2,275 recorded deaths since Nov 2016. The oral vaccination campaign started in four districts in Aden aims to target around 350,000 people.

Cabinet approve accession to the WHO Protocol

Cabinet has given approval to accede to the Protocol under World Health Organization Framework Convention on tobacco control (WHO FCTC) to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products. It will be applicable to both smoking and chewing or smokeless tobacco forms as negotiated and adopted under Article 15 of the WHO FCTC. The 7th Session of the COP7 to the FCTC was held in Greater Noida in 2016

14 Cities In India are World’s most polluted

Delhi and Varanasi are among the 14 Indian cities that figured in a list of 20 most polluted cities in the world in terms of PM 2.5 levels in 2016, according to the data released by the WHO. Other Indian cities were Kanpur, Faridabad, Gaya, Patna, Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur. PM 2.5 includes pollutants like sulfate, nitrate and black carbon.