Supreme Court

Supreme Court lifts ban on protests

The Supreme Court lifted the ‘complete ban’ on holding dharna at the Jantar Mantar and Boat Club near India Gate. SC directed the Centre to frame guidelines for granting permission for protests at these sites. The SC observed that there was a need to strike a balance between the right to protest and right of citizens to live peacefully.

SC demands new law to stop lynching

India’s highest court has asked the government to enact a new law to deal with an increase in mob violence and lynchings. Supreme Court recommended Parliament to create a new penal provision to punish the offenders and stem the mob-related violence. The direction was given by three-judge bench, headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra and ordered parliament to decide within six months.

Private hospitals to provide free treatment

The Supreme Court said all private hospitals in Delhi must provide free treatment to certain percentage of poor patients. Providing treatment to the poor was one of the clauses in the lease deed due to which land was given to hospitals at a very cheap price. The Supreme Court will monitor the functioning of private hospitals to ensure that the poor patients are treated free of cost.

Nirbhaya rapists to be hanged: SC

The Supreme Court upheld the death penalty for the convicts of the 2012 Nirbhaya gangrape case, after hearing a review petition seeking a reduction of sentence. The death penalty was awarded to four of the six convicts, while the fifth, a juvenile, was sent to a correction home and the sixth had committed suicide inside the Tihar Central Jail.

Rajasthan approves 1% reservation for Gujjars

The Rajasthan government announced 1% reservations for five communities– Gujjar, Banjara, Gadia-Lohar, Raika, and Gadariya– under the Most Backward Classes (MBC) category. This comes after Gujjar leaders threatened to launch protests during PM Narendra Modi’s upcoming Jaipur visit. The Gujjars were seeking 5% reservation within OBC quota to not violate the 50% Supreme Court-mandated cap.

Do not appoint police officer as acting DGP

The Supreme Court restricted the choice of State governments to appoint their Directors General of Police. Instead, State governments should henceforth send their proposals for DGPs to the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) three months before the incumbent is due to retire. The UPSC will prepare a panel of officers fit to be DGP in the State concerned and send them back.

PAN-Aadhaar linking deadline extended

The CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes) extended the deadline for the PAN-Aadhaar linking to March 31, 2019. The policy-making body of the tax department issued an order, under Section 119 of the Income Tax Act extending the deadline. The CBDT order has come against the backdrop of the Supreme Court’s extension of the March 31, 2018 deadline for linking Aadhaar card.

Justice Chamleswar retires from SC

Jasti Chelameswar has retired as Supreme Court judge on 22nd June 2018. Justice Chelameswar, who had held presser along with three other Supreme Court judges to highlight discrimination in allocation of cases to benches, said that the credibility of the highest judiciary in danger. Chelameswar was the only judge to support the govt. move to replace the collegium system with NJAC.

Govt to have quota in promotions for SC/ST

The Supreme Court has allowed the Centre to provide reservation in promotions for SC/ST employees in all government departments till the issue is disposed of by the bench. A Bench of Justices A.K. Goel and Ashok Bhushan said nothing prevented the government from promoting employees in accordance with law. SC’s 2006 judgment in the M. Nagaraj case was applicable to reservation in promotion.

Funds for special courts to try lawmakers

The Centre has released a fresh tranche of funds for 11 states to run special courts to try the over 1,500 cases related to lawmakers. The Department of Justice in the Law Ministry has released the funds. Last November, the Supreme Court had directed the government to come up with a scheme to set up 12 special courts to try 1,581 criminal cases pending against elected MPs and MLAs.

Chandramauli appointed as Chairman of PCI

Justice Chandramauli Kumar Prasad, who was the former Supreme Court Judge has been appointed as the Chairman of the Press Council of India (PCI) for the second time. The decision was taken by a committee of three members, headed by Vice President Venkaiah Naidu. Justice Prasad had taken over from Justice Markanday Katju in November, 2014.

SC approves draft Cauvery Management Scheme

The Supreme Court approved the Centre’s draft Cauvery Management Scheme for smooth distribution of water among four southern riparian states. The scheme would deal with the issue of water share of the four states in different circumstances like normal and deficient water years in the Cauvery river basin. The top court had modified the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal (CWDT) award of 2007.

Yeddyurappa takes oath as the CM of Karnataka

BS Yeddyurappa of Bharatiya Janata Party took oath as the Chief Minister of Karnataka. This comes after the Supreme Court refused to stay state Governor Vajubhai Vala’s decision to invite BJP, which fell short of the majority mark, to form the government. Yeddyurappa has been given 15 days to prove BJP’s majority.

Domestic Violence Act for divorced women too

The Domestic Violence Act, meant to punish men who abuse women in a relationship, extends to all man-woman relationships & also protects divorced women from their former husband, the Supreme Court has upheld. The court held that domestic violence can continue even after divorce. It amounts to domestic violence if the former husband tried to dispossess the woman from a jointly-owned property.

Scheme for sexual assault, acid attack victims

Supreme Court has approved ‘Compensation Scheme for Women Victims/Survivors of Sexual Assault/Other Crimes-2018’ a scheme for mandatory grant of compensation to victims of sexual assault & acid attack. The scheme has been prepared by National Legal Services Authority in consultation with Centre. A victim of gangrape would now get a minimum compensation of Rs 5 lakh up to a max of Rs 10 lakh.

Supreme Court Reserves Verdict On The Aadhar

The Supreme Court reserved its verdict on petitions challenging the Constitutional validity of the 2016 Aadhaar Act, which lasted for 38 working days spread over four months. This was the second longest oral hearing in the history of the Supreme Court. The first being the landmark Kesavananda Bharati case in which the apex court in 1973 outlined the basic structure of the Constitution.

Railways to pay compensation if person dies

The Supreme Court held that the Indian Railways must pay compensation in case of death or injury while boarding or deboarding trains. It added that in case of an accident or untoward incident, the Railways must pay compensation whether or not there has been a wrongful act, neglect or fault on the part of the administration. The railways cannot plead negligence on the part of the victims.

Chhattisgarh to recruit transgender in police

To promote gender equality, Chhattisgarh govt has decided to recruit transgender in the police force. Chhattisgarh is the first state to recruit transgenders for police while Tamil Nadu is the first state to hire India’s first transgender police officer. In 2014, Supreme Court declared transgender people as the 3rd gender & ruled that they have equal privilege over the fundamental rights.

SC eases procedure for case record transfer

Trial courts need to give only photocopies of case records to higher Courts. The transfer, to and fro, of original records impedes speedy trial, the Supreme Court ordered. At present, the original records are transferred from the trial court to the High Court. The order said that in specific cases, the appellate/revisional court may call for the original records for perusal.

BS-VI fuel to be available by April 1, 2019

1 : The Centre told the Supreme Court that the BS-VI fuel will be made available by April 1, 2019, in 17 out of 23 districts in the National Capital Region. The government also told that BS-VI fuel will also be made available in Agra in Uttar Pradesh on or before April 1, 2019. Delhi has already switched to BS-VI fuel and the cleaner fuel is now available across the petrol pumps in Delhi.

Indu Malhotra sworn in as SC Judge

Senior lawyer Indu Malhotra was sworn in on 27th April as Supreme Court Judge. It is for the first time that the apex court has two women judges — the other being Justice R. Banumathi. Justice Malhotra is the fifth woman Judge of the top court. Justice Fatima Bibi was the first woman Judge of the Supreme Court. She is the 1st woman lawyer from the Supreme Court bar to be directly elevated.

The impeachment motion against CJI

20 : Opposition parties led by Congress MP Ghulam Nabi Azad have submitted an impeachment motion against Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra to Rajya Sabha Chairman Venkaiah Naidu. Around 60 opposition leaders signed the motion, while TMC and DMK MPs refrained from it. The move comes after CJI-led Supreme Court bench dismissed petitions seeking a probe into Judge BH Loya’s death.

SC appoints acting head for NGT

The Supreme Court appointed Justice Jawad Rahim, judicial member of the National Green Tribunal (NGT), as its acting chairperson. The new acting chairperson will discharge his duties until a regular appointment is made and will take part in the selection process of other members of the NGT. Justice Rahim was the judge of the Karnataka High Court from 2006 to 2014.

SC proposes roll out of BS VI fuel

The Supreme Court (SC) proposed a roll out of Bharat Stage-VI (BS-VI) fuel across 13 metros by April 1, 2019. The measure is expected to help tackle the problem of air pollution in Delhi by reducing vehicular emissions and improving fuel efficiency. The decision to go directly from BS-IV to BS-VI is in line with the Prime Minister‘s commitment at @COP21 to cut carbon emissions.

Govt can’t charge over ` 50 for RTI

Supreme Court ruled that government authorities cannot charge more than Rs.50 as application fee for those seeking information under the Right to Information (RTI) Act. The apex court also said authorities cannot charge more than Rs.5 per page for photocopy. The applicants also do not have to mention the ‘motive’ in the RTI application.

Union govt to set up Arbitration Council

In an effort to make India a global hub for arbitration, the government will set up an Arbitration Council that will grade institutions that offer alternative dispute resolution mechanism for commercial disputes. The proposal to set up council is a part of the Arbitration and Conciliation Amendment Bill, 2018. The proposed council will be headed by a retired Supreme Court judge.

Passive euthanasia gets legal sanction

The Supreme Court of India allowed passive euthanasia after citing that persons have right to die with dignity. The SC also allowed an individual to draft a living will specifying that they not be put on life support if they slip into an incurable coma in the future. In a ‘living will‘, a person can make a statement in advance that their life should not be prolonged by putting ventilator.

States can decide on exempting liquor ban

The Supreme Court gave the State governments the discretion to decide, on facts, whether areas covered by local self-governing bodies or areas proximate to municipal pockets should be exempted from the court’s nationwide prohibition on sale of liquor within 500 metres along the highways.In July, 2017 the court exempted municipal areas from the prohibition.

Pakistani Activist Asma Jahangir Passes Away

Asma Jahangir, Pakistan’s renowned human rights lawyer, social activist and an outspoken critic of the country’s powerful military establishment, passed away of cardiac arrest.She was the first woman to serve as the president of Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan. Born in January 1952 in Lahore, Asma co-founded and chaired the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan.

Tushar Mehta to be the new SPP for 2G case

The Central government has appointed Additional Solicitor General Tushar Mehta as the Special Public Prosecutor for cases related to the 2G scam.However, the status of current SPP Anand Grover appointed by the Supreme Court remains unclear. On December 21 last year, a special CBI court acquitted all the accused in the 2G scam, including former telecom minister A Raja and DMK MP Kanimozhi.

U.P. govt to provide Taj protection plan: SC

Supreme Court directed the UP government to place before it a vision document on protection and preservation of the Taj Mahal.The TTZ is an area of about 10,400 sq. km spread over the districts of Agra, Firozabad, Mathura, Hathras and Etah in U.P. and Rajasthan.A Bench of justices Madan B. Lokur and Deepak Gupta asked why there was a “sudden flurry of activity” in the Taj Trapezium Zone.

SC cancels 88 iron ore mining lease renewals

The Supreme Court canceled 88 iron ore mining lease renewals in Goa and held that mining in the state would stop after March 15.While hearing a plea filed by NGO Goa Foundation, the court added that new licences would be given afresh through auction.In 2015, the state had renewed the licenses despite accusation of illegal extractions.

Bermuda Abolishes Same-Sex Marriage

Bermuda has become the first country to legalise and then repeal same-sex marriage. Bermuda’s governor John Rankin approved a bill reversing the right of gay couples to marry, despite a supreme court ruling last year authorising same-sex marriage.About half a dozen same-sex marriages took place in Bermuda between the supreme court ruling in May 2017.

Maldives President declares emergency

Maldives President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom declared a 15-day state of emergency amid the ongoing political crisis in the country.The move would give sweeping powers to security forces to arrest and detain suspects.Defying the country’s Supreme Court, the Maldives government had refused to release political prisoners and accused the court of attempting to impeach the President.

When 2 adults marry, no one can interfere: SC

While hearing a petition seeking ban on honour killings and khap panchayats, Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra said that when two adults marry, no one has the right to interfere.“Whether it is parents, society or anyone, they are out of it,” he added.The Supreme Court asked the Centre to come up with suggestions for protecting couples.

NGT cannot have single-judge bench: SC

The Supreme Court on Wednesday said that the National Green Tribunal (NGT) cannot have benches comprising of a single judge.The court was hearing a petition against a government law that allows for single-judge benches.The NGT, which was set up for speedy and effective disposal of environment-related cases, currently has six judges against its capacity of 40.

Rajasthan gave 1% quota to MBC

Rajasthan has issued orders for granting 1% reservation to the Most Backward Classes, within the 50% ceiling mandated by the Supreme Court.The overall reservation in the State stood at 49% before the decision. Along with Gujjars, nomadic communities Banjara, Gadia-Lohar, Raika and Gadariya were included among the Other Backward Classes for quota in the govt jobs & educational institutions.

Bill to hike judges salary gets approval

President Ram Nath Kovind gave his approval to a Bill that will more than double the salaries of Supreme Court and High Court judges.In the Winter Session of Parliament, the Bill to increase salaries of judges was passed. Now after the President’s approval, the Chief Justice of India will draw a monthly salary of ?2.80 lakh, up from the current ?1 lakh.

CPI(M) plans impeachment against CJI

CPI(M) general secretary Sitaram Yechury said that the party was trying to build a consensus on moving an impeachment motion against CJI Dipak Misra.On January 12, four senior-most Supreme Court judges held a press conference raising questions on “selective” allocation of cases to certain Benches. In A.124(4), the guidelines for the Impeachment of Judges are given.

Adults have right to marry anyone: SC

The Supreme Court said “any adult” has the “right to marry anyone”, and nobody, including parents, khap panchayats or society, can question their choice of spouse.The decision was given by a Bench headed by CJI Dipak Misra. The Bench was hearing a petition filed by NGO Shakthi Vahini, which asked the court to direct the central and state governments to take action to prevent honour crimes.

1st woman to be directly appointed to SC

Supreme Court collegium has recommended the name of senior advocate Indu Malhotra as the 1st woman lawyer to be directly appointed as a judge of the apex court.She will be the 7th woman judge since independence to make it to SC. At present, Justice R Banumathi is the lone woman judge in the apex court. 1st woman to be appointed as a judge of apex court was Justice M Fathima Beevi in 1989.

Four SC judges air differences with CJI

In an unprecedented act, four senior judges of the Supreme Court held a press conference on January 11, 2018.They charged Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra of selectively assigning cases to judges of his choice without any rational basis. By doing this, Justices Chelameswar, Gogoi, Lokur and Joseph transcended judicial protocol stating that sitting judges should not talk to the media.

Panel on Mullaiperiyar dam

Supreme Court directed the Union government to set up a special committee to exclusively prepare disaster management plans for 122 years old Mullaiperiyar dam.A three-judge Bench led by CJI Dipak Misra also directed Tamil Nadu, which owns the dam, and Kerala, where it is situated, to set up similar committees. The Mullaperiyar Dam is a masonry gravity dam on the Periyar River in Kerala.

National Anthem not mandatory in cinemas

The Supreme Court said playing the National Anthem before screening movies in cinema halls is not mandatory.The bench was headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra. In November 2016, the Supreme Court had ordered all cinemas to play the anthem before screening a film ‘for the love of the motherland’.

Lok Sabha clears judges pay hike

Lok Sabha passed a bill aimed at increasing over twofold the salaries of Supreme Court and high court judges.The salary hike, based on the recommendations of the 7th Pay Commission for officers of all-India services, will take effect from January 1, 2016.The High Court and Supreme Court Judges Amendment Bill also proposes a revision of the rates of house rent allowance from July 1, 2017.

Nat. Register of Citizens’s first draft

The citizen of Assam witnessed the release of the first draft of National Register of Citizens.It contains the first batch of 19 million names of genuine Indian citizens in compliance with the Supreme Court ‘s orders.Registrar General of India Sailesh released the document.The first draft has listed 19 m people out of the 32.9 m applicants from within the state as legal Indian citizens.

NGT chairperson Swatanter Kumar retires

National Green Tribunal (NGT) Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar retired from the post after completing his five-year tenure.His successor is yet to be appointed.Justice Kumar resigned as Supreme Court judge after he was appointed NGT chairperson on December 20, 2012. During his tenure as NGT chief, he passed several landmark orders and judgements.

New President of SCBA

Former Additional Solicitor General Vikas Singh has been elected as the new President of the Supreme Court Bar Association.Singh defeated his nearest competitor, Senior Advocate Dushyant Dave by 222 votes. Singh secured 639 as against Dushyant Dave’s tally of 417.Vikas Singh replaces RS Suri as the new president who managed to get 307 votes.

1st state to endorse triple talaq draft

UP has become the 1st State to endorse Centre’s draft bill that makes instant triple talaq a cognisable & non-bailable offence.As per the draft, Triple Talaq will be a cognisable & non-bailable offense punishable with 3 yrs imprisonment & wife will be entitled to custody of children if they are minor. Supreme Court on Aug 22 struck down triple talaq, calling Islamic practice unconstitutional

SC allows full enforcement on travel ban

The US Supreme Court has allowed Donald Trump’s travel ban to take full effect pending appeal, for people coming from six Muslim-majority countries.The travel ban is the third version of a contentious policy that Trump first sought to implement a week after taking office in January.The ban applies to travelers from Chad, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen.

Bangladesh CJ Surendra Sinha resigns

Bangladesh’s first Hindu Chief Justice Surendra Kumar Sinha has resigned after facing financial irregularities and money laundering allegations. Surendra Kumar Sinha led the Supreme Court to a landmark verdict which scrapped Parliament’s power to remove judges on grounds of misconduct and incapacity, in August 2017. His term was scheduled to expire in January 2018.

Surendra Kumar Sinha resigns

Bangladesh Chief Justice Surendra Sinha has resigned amid criticism over a Supreme Court verdict which scrapped Parliament’s power to remove judges on grounds of misconduct & incapacity. Sinha whose term was scheduled to expire in Jan next year is the 1st top judge of the country to step down. SC has issued a statement saying he is facing 11 charges including money laundering & corruption.

Second national judicial pay commission

Union cabinet chaired by PM Modi approved the appointment of 2nd national judicial pay commission for subordinate judiciary. Commission will decide on a salary hike for almost 21,000 judges of the subordinate judiciary level. Commission is to be headed by retired justice of Supreme Court, J.P.Venkatrama Reddi. R. Basant, a former judge of Kerala high court is also a member of the commission

SC ruling on Technical education

The Supreme Court has ruled that technical education cannot be provided through correspondence courses. The Apex Court restrained educational institutions from providing courses in technical education like engineering through distance learning programme. Two years ago, the Punjab and Haryana high court gave similar rulings for ‘computer science’ course.

Anupam Kher receives Award

On October 29, 2017, veteran Bollywood actor Anupam Kher received Parmod Mahajan Smriti Award in Pune. Saira Banu, who moved Supreme Court seeking a ban on instantaneous ‘Triple Talaq’ among Muslims is the second recipient of Pramod Mahjan Smriti Award. The award was instituted by Pune-based organisation ‘Muktachhand’ in memory of Late Pramod Mahajan, who was the leader from BJP.

Deadline for linking Aadhaar extended

On October 25, 2017, Union Government informed Supreme Court that deadline for linking of Aadhaar to avail benefits under government welfare schemes has been postponed to March 31, 2018. Before this extension, the deadline for linking Aadhaar was December 31, 2017. This extension applies to total 135 schemes which are administered by various ministries of Union Government.

Rs. 2 Lakh Fine On Environment Ministry

Supreme Court has fined of Rs. 2 lakh on the Union Environment Ministry for not fixing the pollution emission standards of Sulphur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide for 34 categories of industries as per May 2 order. SC banned using pet coke and furnace oil in Delhi and the NCR to control the air pollution. The bench of Justice Madan B Lokur and Justice Deepak Gupta pronounced the judgement.

Ranjit Kumar resigns

On 20th October 2017, Ranjit Kumar resigned as the Solicitor General of India. He has mentioned “personal reasons” as the factor behind his resignation. He is considered as an expert on constitutional laws. He was appointed as Solicitor General of India in 2014. He has represented the Central government in many high-profile cases in the Supreme Court.

No firecrackers this Diwali

On 9th October 2017, the Supreme Court (SC) imposed a ban on the sale of firecrackers till 31st October 2017, in the National Capital Region (NCR)-Delhi. SC has also ordered that a relevant agency should compute the impact of a noise-and smoke-free festival this year. The SC suspended all licenses issued by the Delhi Police to shopkeepers that allowed them to sell fireworks.

Committee report on Sec 66A of IT Act

An expert committee, headed by T K Viswanathan on Section 66A of the IT Act submitted its report. It was constituted by the Centre after the Supreme Court struck down the controversial Section 66A of the IT Act in 2015. According to its recommendations IPC, CrPC and the IT Act be amended to introduce stringent provisions, specifying punishment, to deal with cases of hate speech.

Ways to tackle cybercrime

29 : The committee, headed by former Secretary General of Lok Sabha, T K Viswanathan, has recommended appointing cybercrime coordinators in all states & establishing cybercrime cells in each district. It has also suggested replacing some clauses of IT Act and amending some sections of IPC. The committee was formed after the Supreme Court struck down Section 66 A of the Information Technology Act.

New director general of NIA

Senior Indian Police Service officer Y C Modi was appointed as the new director general of National Investigation Agency. He will replace Sharad Kumar, who is set to retire on Oct 30. Modi is an IPS officer of 1979 batch of Haryana cadre & was appointed as the chief of NIA in 2013. He had been part of a Supreme Court-appointed Special Investigation Team that probed 2002 Gujarat riots case.

Panel on National Mineral Policy

The National Mineral Policy, 2008 should be reviewed is mandatory and the panel suggests a new framework will submit its report by October end. The order from Supreme Court in its judgment dated Aug 2, 2017 directed the govt to revisit the National Mineral Policy 2008. The 29-member panel has headed by Mines Additional Secretary K Rajeswara Rao.

Right to privacy judgment

24 : In a landmark decision, the Supreme Court has declared right to privacy a fundamental right under the Constitution. A 9 judge constitution bench headed by Chief Justice J S Khehar ruled that right to privacy is an intrinsic part of Right to Life & Personal Liberty under Article 21 and entire Part III of the Constitution. The Union government had argued that privacy is a common law right.

Govt raises ‘creamy layer’ income cap

Govt has raised income limit defining creamy layer for OBC reservation by Rs 2 lakh p.a. OBC families earning up to Rs 8 lakh p.a will not be considered in the creamy layer. Better-educated member of OBC who cannot avail govt sponsored educational & job benefits is called creamy layer. Supreme Court had raised this ceiling from Rs. 1 lakh to 6 lakh in 2013 & is to be revised every 3 years.

Triple Talaq Unconstitutional

Triple talaq, the controversial Muslim divorce law that allows men to leave their wives immediately by uttering “talaq” thrice has been banned by Supreme Court Calling it “bad in law”, a constitution bench of 5 judges said that triple talaq “is not integral to religious practice & violates constitutional morality”. 5 judges of different faiths heard the case over 5 days from May 12 to May 18

SC bans use of 5 metals in firecrackers

Supreme Court has imposed a ban on use of 5 harmful metals in firecrackers as they cause enormous air pollution. A bench headed by Justice Madan B Lokur prohibited use of lithium, mercury, arsenic, antimony, lead metals which are used in manufacturing of firecrackers. Court have also asked CPCB & PESO to setup standards regarding air pollution caused by bursting of fire-crackers.

Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif resigns

Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resigned from his post, after the Supreme Court disqualified him over corruption claims against his family. Supreme Court said Sharif is not fit to hold office & ordered a criminal investigation into him & his family. Court also disqualified Finance Minister Ishaq Dar. Sharif has been disqualified for life & will not be able to contest elections again.

End to immediate arrests in dowry cases

Supreme Court has put an end to immediate arrest of the husband and his family members in the dowry harassment case. Police will now have to conduct a preliminary inquiry before making any arrest. The court’s latest order came as complaints piled up over the years alleging misuse of the anti-dowry harassment law framed in 1983 following a spate of dowry-related deaths by disgruntled wives.

SC revokes appointment of teachers in UP

Supreme Court has revoked appointment of 1.78 lakh “Shiksha Mitras” in UP as full-time teachers for not having the pre-requisite qualifications laid down by Centre. UP govt had regularised their jobs as full-time teachers to counter shortage of teachers in primary schools. Shiksha mitras were appointed in 1999 by state govt to help out villagers in getting their children enrolled in schools

Hearing on right to privacy

A 9 judge Constitution bench of Supreme Court has began hearing arguments to determine whether right to privacy is a fundamental right under the Constitution. The hearing was triggered by a petition that challenged mandatory use of Aadhaar identity card based on biometrics, which its opponents say infringe the right to privacy. The bench is headed by Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar.

SC allows Centre to replace MCI

The Supreme Court allowed the Centre to replace the oversight committee set up to supervise the functioning of the Medical Coucil of India with a fresh panel of 5 eminent doctors. A 5 judge Constitution bench, headed by Chief Justice J S Khehar, said the Centre had proposed the names of five eminent doctors to replace the oversight committee. The committee was setup in May 2016.

CSK and RR are back into the IPL

Board of Control for Cricket in India has welcomed the IPL franchises- Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals back into the League. Both the franchises have completed 2 year suspension imposed by Supreme Court appointed justice (Retd.) Lodha Committee and will now participate in next year’s IPL. The 2 teams were found guilty of being involved in betting activities during 2013 IPL season.

Limaye to take over as NSE CEO

Vikram Limaye will take charge as Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer of National Stock Exchange of India. Limaye had been relieved by Supreme Court of his responsibilities on the committee of administrators of the Board of Control for Cricket in India with immediate effect. He was shortlisted as the chief executive of NSE after Chitra Ramkrishna resigned as chief executive officer.

SC exempts AP, Andaman and Nicobar

Supreme Court has exempted Arunachal Pradesh & Andaman and Nicobar Islands from its order banning sale of liquor within 500m of state & national highways. They were exempted on the grounds of unique topographical constraints. 50% of the state revenue for Arunachal Pradesh came from the sale of liquor. SC had earlier allowed exemption from this ban to Sikkim & Meghalaya on similar grounds.

Stay on New Cattle Slaughter Rules

Supreme Court has stayed the central government’s new rules banning the sale of cattle for slaughter. SC said that an earlier stay by the Madras High Court would be implemented nationwide, as “livelihoods cannot be subjected to uncertainties”. The apex court ordered a 3 month stay on the rules. Madurai Bench of the Madras High Court, on 30 May, stayed the cattle trade rules for four weeks.

SC stays HC verdict on Ganga status

Supreme Court froze the status of “legal persons” accorded to rivers Ganga and Yamuna by the Uttarakhand HC in March 2017. A Bench of CJI J.S. Khehar and D.Y. Chandrachud stayed HC verdict which held that the rights of 2 major rivers shall be equivalent to the rights of human beings. Stay came on a petition filed by Mohammad Salim over mining and stone crushing along the banks of the Ganga.

Mah. govt to remove Haji Ali encroachment

Supreme Court has granted the last opportunity to the Maharashtra government to remove encroachments near Haji Ali Dargah shrine in south Mumbai. A bench comprising Chief Justice J S Khehar and Justice D Y Chandrachud granted two weeks to the concerned authorities to remove these encroachments. The direction came after the Dargah trust expressed inability in completing the task.

First turbaned judge in Canada

Indian-origin Sikh human rights advocate Palbinder Kaur Shergill has been appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of British Columbia in New Westminster. She has become the first turbaned Sikh to be appointed to the judiciary in Canada. Regarded as a leading human rights advocate, she has been instrumental in helping shape human rights and religious accommodation law in Canada.

Ram Nath Kovind Nominated For President

Bihar Governor Ram Nath Kovind has been named as BJP’s presidential nominee. He is a lawyer by profession and has practised in both the Delhi HC and the Supreme Court. He was elected as a Rajya Sabha MP from Uttar Pradesh and served two consecutive terms for 12 years, from 1994 to 2006. He has also represented India at the United Nations and has addressed the UN General Assembly in 2002.

Nepal’s 1st woman Chief Justice retires

First woman Chief Justice of Nepal Supreme Court Sushila Karki has retired after attaining the age 65 years. She was 25th Chief Justice of Nepal Supreme Court. She handled many important cases including impeachment of Chief of Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority. Justice Gopal Parajuli, the senior most judge of Nepal Supreme court, has assumed charge as acting Chief Justice.

SEBI clears Limaye as NSE chief

Market regulator SEBI has given conditional approval for the appointment of Vikram Limaye as the MD and CEO of the NSE. However, the appointment is subject to Limaye being relieved as one of members of the Supreme Court appointed committee that is currently running BCCI. He was named the NSE chief for a period of five years in February. At present he is the MD and CEO of IDFC.

Guha resigns from BCCI admin panel

Ramachandra Guha has resigned from BCCI’s four-member Committee of Administrators. The committee was appointed by the Supreme Court in January to implement the Lodha panel recommendations in the Board. The committee is headed by former comptroller and auditor general Vinod Rai. Guha is a historian and writer. Some of his famous book are “Wickets In the East” and “Corner of a foreign Field”.

‘Un-Islamic’ Justice statue reinstalled

Bangladesh has reinstalled a statue deemed “un-Islamic” by religious hardliners on the grounds of the Supreme Court. The statue shows a lady blindfolded and holding scales while wearing a sari. The statue was installed in December last year and was removed. It has now been reinstalled at a different location on the court grounds, where it would be less visible.

Indira Jaising to lead UN probe

UN has appointed an Indian human rights lawyer and 2 other experts to lead a probe into alleged rape, torture, and killings by security forces against Rohingya Muslims. The mission will be led by Supreme Court advocate Indira Jaising. Jaising drafted India’s first domestic violence act, allowing women to bring civil and criminal suits against attackers for the first time.

Aadhaar not mandatory

The Centre exempted residents of Assam, Jammu and Kashmir, Meghalaya, and citizens above 80 years from mandatory quoting of Aadhaar to obtain PAN cards and file income tax returns. The announcement has been made by the government at a time when a case challenging mandatory use of Aadhaar is pending in Supreme Court. This was done under Section 139AA of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

25% of ex-husband’s net salary to wife

The Supreme Court has set a benchmark for maintenance to be paid by a husband to his estranged wife, stating that 25% of his net salary might constitute a “just and proper” amount as alimony. The ruling has come on a man’s plea challenging Calcutta High Court’s order that asked him to pay ` 23000 every month as alimony to his former wife.

Taj Mansingh hotel to be auctioned

The Supreme Court on Thursday allowed New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) to E-auction Taj Mansingh hotel. Taj Mansingh hotel is presently run by Indian Hotels Company Limited (IHCL). IHCL had approached the apex court against the Delhi High Court order, which had paved the way for auctioning of the historic property.

SC Quashes Criminal Case Against Dhoni

Supreme Court has quashed a criminal case against Mahendra Singh Dhoni in a case related to hurting religious sentiments. The case was related to Dhoni being portrayed as Lord Vishnu on the cover of a magazine. The top court observed that there was no deliberate or malicious intent on Dhoni’s part and no case had been made out.

Panama Leaks: Pak PM not disqualified

The Supreme Court on Thursday ordered further investigations into corruption allegations levelled by the opposition against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. SC said that there was insufficient evidence to order his removal from office. The Supreme Court ordered the JIT to present its report every two weeks before a Supreme Court bench.

Data privacy rules to by Aug-September

Centre has informed the SC that a comprehensive policy on electronic data transmission was on the anvil and would be ready by August-September. The policy will take care of the privacy controversy involving WhatsApp and Net neutrality. Presently, the Constitution does not spell out right to privacy as a fundamental right nor any judgment of the Supreme Court.

SC collegium clears 90 names

The Supreme Court collegium has cleared “every pending file” on appointments to higher judiciary. The names cleared by the collegium include lawyers and judicial officers. Names cleared include those recommended by high court collegiums as well as names previously cleared by the Supreme Court collegium but returned by the Centre

SC collegium clears record 51 names

Supreme Court collegium headed by CJI J S Khehar has recommended 51 names for judges in 10 high courts. With more than 41% posts vacant at the 24 high courts, currently there are only 632 judges as against a sanctioned strength of 1,079. Of the 51 names, Bombay HC got the lion’s share of 14 names. It has a sanctioned strength of 94 judges but a working strength of 61.

Govt nod to hike in salaries of SC

The government has accepted the Supreme Court proposal for raising emoluments given to judges of the Supreme Court and high courts. The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the highest-paid functionary in the judiciary with his current monthly emoluments at Rs 1 lakh. This is likely to be raised to Rs 2.8 lakh, in addition to perks such as official residence, cars, staff and allowances.

Comptroller and Auditor General

The Comptroller and Auditor General is an authority, established by the Constitution under Constitution of India/Part V – Chapter V/Sub-part 7B/Article 148 The CAG is mentioned in the Constitution of India under Article 148 – 151. The CAG is ranked 9th and enjoys the same status as a judge of Supreme Court of India in Indian order of precedence.

Total liquor ban possible in Chandigarh

Come April 1, Chandigarh could face a complete liquor ban, including the ones in hotels, restaurants and shops. The reason behind this lies in the December 2016 Supreme Court judgment which ordered for closure of liquor shops on state highways and national highways. Chandigarh falls within the ambit of the judgement since all the major roads in the city are labelled state highways.

SC grants bail to Bastar journalist

The Supreme Court has granted bail to Santosh Yadav, a journalist based in Maoist- insurgency-hit Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. He was charged under the draconian Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act. A journalist with a Hindi daily ‘Chhattisgarh’, Mr.Yadav was held by the police in October 2015 on the suspicion of links with Maoists.

Cauvery Tribunal gets new head

The govt. has appointed Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre of the Supreme Court as chairman of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal. He was nominated for the post by CJI J.S. Khehar. The post fell vacant following the resignation of Justice Balbir Singh Chauhan. Last Dec, the Union Cabinet cleared a proposal to set up a single, permanent Tribunal to adjudicate all inter-state river water disputes.

Justice Altamas Kabir passes away

Justice Altamas Kabir who was the 39th Chief Justice of India has passed away. He served from September 29, 2012 to July 18, 2013. In March 2005, he was appointed as the Chief Justice of Jharkhand High Court before being elevated as a judge in the Supreme Court in September, the same year

Memorandum of Procedure by month end

The Supreme Court today indicated that it may come out with the Memorandum of Procedure, MoP, for appointment of judges for higher judiciary by the month end.This was stated by a bench comprising Chief Justice J S Khehar and Justice N V Ramana.The issue of MoP has been a bone of contention between the apex court and the government as both have differences over key points.