November, 2016

Scientists turn CO2 into fuel

Researchers from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered a catalyst that transformed carbon dioxide into high yields of ethanol. The researchers used tiny spikes of carbon and copper to turn CO2 into ethanol. The catalyst’s novelty lies in its nanoscale structure, consisting of copper nanoparticles embedded in carbon spikes which are cheap and economical.

Scientists develop new variety of arhar

Scientists at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute have developed a new arhar (pigeon-pea) variety that matures in 120 days and gives the same 20 quintal-per-hectare yields of normal 160-180 day plants. Arhar, or pigeon pea, is among the most widely consumed pulses in India. Its prices shot up to as much as ` 200 per kg last year due to lower production, leading to a surge in imports.

300 mn children live with polluted air

According to UNICEF some 300 mn children live with outdoor air so polluted it can cause serious physical damage. More or less 1 child in 7 around the globe breathes outdoor air that is minimum six times dirtier than international recommendations. The study indicates that almost 90% of the world’s children live in places where outdoor air pollution exceeds WHO limit.

IISC designs ‘salt’ to combat infections

A team from the Indian Institute of Science has designed a solid in the form of salt to fight bacterial infections. This first-of-its-kind study has focused on the efficacy of the dendrimers in blocking pores formed by a pore forming toxin produced by certain strains of E.coli and other bacteria. This, the researchers say, will prevent cell death and reduce the intensity of the infection.

India to get power from wind plants

India will get electricity generated by wind-propelled plants installed in Gujarat TN in about 5 years as part of the country’s green energy development programmes. A FOWIND consortium has done a series of report on wind conditions for wind-generated electricity and its integration into a grid along the coastlines of Guj & TN. FOWIND is supported by the Indo-European Coop on Renewable Energy program.